Aspects of Wellness

Physical Fitness

Definitions and performance standards of physical fitness vary. However, most experts agree that the five basic components of fitness are: Cardio respiratory or Aerobic Endurance, Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, Flexibility and Body Composition For a more comprehensive view, please follow this link to the Fitness Center.

Mental Health and Fitness

Emotional health and emotional fitness are two important aspects to Wellness. As such, one should assess emotional health regularly. Your assessment should include the daily demands or stresses, as well as what you do to help alleviate them. Here are some simple ways to practice mental fitness: Daydream; “Collect” positive emotional moments; Learn ways to cope with negative thoughts; Do one thing at a time; Exercise; Enjoy hobbies; Set personal goals; Keep a journal (or even talk to the wall!) or Share humor (adapted from Mental Health Tips; Canadian Mental Health Assoc.)


A lack of nutritional knowledge and poor eating habits can contribute to poor fitness, low energy, and the development of such lifestyle-related diseases as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, & obesity. Therefore, eating well and eating wisely can help you eat what you want- when you want. For more information, please see the Nutrition and Weight Management section on our website.


The needs for sleep vary from person to person, and, further, changes throughout the lifecycle. Most adults need 7–8 hours of sleep each night, while school–aged children and adolescents need at least 9 hours of sleep per night.

Sleep is important for good health and studies show that not getting enough sleep, or getting poor quality sleep on a regular basis, increases the risk for certain medical conditions.

For more information on sleep, select the National Sleep Foundation link in our Links of Interest.


The term "Stress" describes a set of physical and emotional responses to our environment when we are in situations that are challenging or dangerous. A little stress can be good. In fact, people tend to perform better under a reasonable amount of stress when compared to those under little to no stress. Too much stress tends to impact us in a negative way- this is when stress turns into distress. For more on stress and stress reduction, visit Dr. Weil’s site in our Links of Interest.

Weight Management

Weight maintenance occurs when calories consumed and calories expended are in a state of equilibrium. When more calories are consumed than expended over a period of time, weight gain occurs. Conversely, weight loss occurs when daily caloric needs are consistently not met. Either condition may involve complex psychosocial issues, possibly requiring assistance from a psychologist or psychiatrist.

Wellness Wisdom

Several areas within Wellness require special attention, as they are the backbone of a balanced lifestyle. Further, it is important to understand how good health and chronic conditions alter the fine line between balance and unbalance.

Culver also has assembled some of the greatest minds in their respective fields to help us better understand the many aspects of Wellness. Thus, the Wellness Advisory Council serves to broaden our scope by providing both experience and content expertise.

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